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Twelve Inventions that Changed the World

   I think I will introduce twelve people who changed the world. I was interested in how those twelve splendid people, through their inventions, changed the world. I will show how these are related to the life that we live nowadays. 

     At first I will introduce the Japanese people who have changed the world. The first, Soichiro Honda, is the founder of Honda Automobiles. He developed a motorcycle for the first time by attaching an engine to a bicycle. When his wife was having hardships going shopping by bicycle, he thought that a shopping expedition would become comfortable if he attached an engine to the vehicle. 

      Honda made many wise remarks. Among my favorites are, “If this is bad, a bad human being comes. A trusted human being is born by this trusting it.”

    The second is Kenjiro Takayanagi. He succeeded in televising with the cathode ray tube by electrical transmission for the first time in the world. He is called the father of Japanese TV. He played a key role and NHK was sharp and completed a television transmission technology, coupled with a television receiver in cooperation with Toshiba. 

      The third is Sakizo Yai. He is an inventor of the dry cell. He invented the continuation electric clock which worked by a better, in 1885, at the age of 23. The Sino-Japanese War broke out in 1894, and the extra article about the great success of a military dry cell used in Manchuria took place. Because a liquid froze up by the conventional batter, they were not able to use it in Manchuria, but were able to use the dry cell which he invented. His dry cell won the competition with the overseas articles and held a share of the dry cell world in Japan. Thus, he came to be declared the dry cell king. 

      The fourth is Akira Kurosawa. He was a Japanese movie director and scriptwriter. He was called “World Kurosawa” in Japan. He won an Academy Award and three major film festivals (Venice, Cannes, Berlin). His masterpieces are “Seven Samurai,” “Bodyguard,” “Drunk Angel,” “Living,” and “Three Bad People of the Hidden Fort.”

     Next, I introduce the person who changed the world that affected Japan. The first, Matthew Calbraith Perry, pressed Japan for the foundation of a country. He took office as East Indies Fleet Commander-in-Chief in November, 1852. He was given an order to hand the autograph of the President to ask to negotiate for the foundation of a country in Japan. He left Norfolk, Virginia with an autograph letter of then-President of the United States of America Millard Fillmore. He entered port in Uraga on July 8, 1853, and took a bodyguard in Kurihama that the Shogunate side appointed and upon landing handed the autograph letter of the President to Ujihide Toda and Hiromichi Ido. 

     The second, Francisco de Xavier, introduced Christianity to Japan for the first time. He propagated it in Japan and India, and is said to have led so many people to the Christian faith as to surpass St. Paul. About an impression for him of Japanese, he wrote, “People of this country are the best among the discovered nations so far, and the people who are superior to Japanese will not be found among the pagans… They are easy to get close to and generally they are good and not malicious. In strong people of the desire for fame, I respectfully honor than someone other surprisingly. I give favorable criticism value.”

     The third, Douglas MacArthur, a staple of modern Japan. He was an American officer, a field marshal. He acted as an alliance national military Commander- in – chief. Full power in front of the U.S. history of national sky was given him from President Harry S. Truman. The sovereignty of the Emperor and the Japanese Government was subordinate to MacArthur, and can use it as I think of the power. The relations of Japan are based on an unconditional surrender, not a conditional thing with us. The power of MacArthur is the best and must not let the Japanese side have doubt and if the result that you should be satisfied with is provided, the rule of Japan should be carried out through the Japanese Government. You may act directly, if necessary. Carry out the order that you gave by a method to think necessary including the use of armed force. 

     The fourth was Jianzhen. He helped many people with Buddhism. He died in Toshodai-ji Temple. The pupil who regretted his death made a statue of the model truth and reaches Toshodai-ji Temple until the present age. This is considered to be the oldest Japanese portrait sculpture. 

     Finally, I will introduce the people who changed the entire world. The first is Steve Jobs. He was a businessman in the United States of America, a capitalist, a writer, a school teacher, and one of the joint founders of Apple Inc. He invented products such as iPod, iTunes, Mac OSX, iPhone, and iPad. As for him, his early home computer “Apple I” was developed into “Apple II” with Steve Wozniak starting in 1976. He established the Pixar animation studio after resigning from Apple. He returned to his office formally as CEO in the year 2000. He was famous for having received only $1 U.S. a year for a basic salary, and he was called “The chief executive officer with the cheapest salary in the world.” On October 5, 2011, Apple announced that Jobs died. 
     The second, Bill Gates – Businessman of the United States of America, charity activist, engineer, programmer, writer, school teacher. He developed the Windows computer program in 1990, In 1973, he entered Harvard University, and lived in the same dormitory as Steve Ballmer, who would later become the CEO of Microsoft as a successor of Gates. He ports BASIC, of MS-DOS developed it, and Windows. Microsoft Windows 95 became the first share in the market place of the world in the late 1990s, and Gates’ name was widely known to the world. 
     The third is Michael Faraday, a physicist. He invented an electric motor and generator. He studied the magnetic field around the electric conductor which produced a direct current and established the basic theory of the electromagnetic field in physics. He build the basics of motor technology. 
     The fourth was Johannes Gutenberg. He invented the printing press for the first time. He was a metalwork craftsman from Germany. He is said to be the inventor of the moveable-type printing technology, and he is widely known. He performed the printing with moveable type for the first time in Europe in about 1439, and enabled the mass production of books, and thereby made ends meet for both a printer and the reader economically. As for the print technology, it is summed up as one of “the three greatest inventions of the Renaissance,” along with gunpowder and the compass.
     I think that these people have brought the world up in terms of science and technology. There were a lot of people who changed the world elsewhere. People who did something like that have all died, but what is inherited is still very impressive. There are still various people inventing things. I am pleased by the way such people will change the world. From now on I want to utilize those splendid things that were invented so far.